Kinematic Hysteresis Model:
L.E. Malvern, 1969. Introduction to the Mechanics of a Continuous Medium. Prentice-Hall.
Takeda Hysteresis Model:
T. Takeda, M.A. Sozen, N.N. Nielsen, "Reinforced Concrete Response to Simulated Earthquakes," J. Struct. Engrg. Div., ASCE, V. 9
Pivot Hysteresis Model:
R.K. Dowell, F. Seible, E.L. Wilson, "Pivot Hysteresis Model for Reinforced Concrete Members," ACI Struct. J., ACI, V. 95, No. 5
Performance-Based Seismic Design & Seismic Rehabilitation of Existing Handout (according to ASCE 41-17, ATC 114, TBI 2017 & LATBSDC 2020, ACI 318-19 (Appendix A), AISC 342-22)